By The Numbers - Iowa Latino facts - State of Iowa

189,818 is the estimated Latino population of Iowa as of July 1, 2017, making people of Hispanic or Latino origin the state’s largest race or ethnic minority.

Latinos constitute 6.0 percent of the state’s total population which is a 130.2% change in the Latino population from 2000 to 2017. 

424,077 is the projected Latino population of Iowa as of July 1, 2050, according to the 2017 Woods & Pool Economics Inc. Latinos will constitute 12.3 percent of the state’s total population on that date.

37,314 is the number of Latino families in 2017 who reside in Iowa. Of these families, 69.7 percent include related children under 18 years of age.

3,452 is the number of Latino grandparents in 2017 living with their own grandchildren. 33.0% of those are responsible for the own grandchildren under 18 years of age. This compares to 36.2% for the U.S.

23.7 is the median age of Iowa’s Latino population in 2017. The median age for the state of Iowa is 38.1.

11.0% of Latino population is under age 5 as of July 1, 2017.

Latinos have one of the highest concentration of preschoolers among the other race or ethnic groups.

3.57 is the average family size for the Iowa Latino population in 2017. The average family size in the state of Iowa overall is 3.01.

Serving Our Nation -- 2,367 is the number of Iowa Latino veterans of the U.S. armed forces in 2017.

Education -- 62.7% of Iowa Latinos, ages 25 and over, had at least a high school education in 2017. In Iowa the percentage of total population with at least a high school education was 92.1%

13.2% is the percentage of Iowa Latinos, age 25 and over, with a bachelor’s degree.

58,411 is the number Latinos enrolled in the state’s elementary and high schools during the 2017-2018 school year which is a 252.6% Percent increase in Latino enrollment between the 1999-2000 school year and 2017-2018.

In Iowa the percentage of total population with a bachelor’s degree or higher was 28.9%.

3,972 is the number of Iowa Latinos 25 years and older with a graduate degree in 2017.

19,659 is the number of Spanish speaking English Language Learners in Iowa’s public schools during the 2017- 2018 school year. This represents a 217.7 percent increase from the 1999- 2000 school year. Source: Iowa Department of Education

116,006 is the number of Iowa residents, age 5 and older, in 2017 who speak Spanish at home. Among those who speak Spanish at home, 56.9 percent say they speak English “very well.”

$50,572 is the median income of Latino families in 2017. The median family income for the state was $75,076.

18.0% is the poverty rate for the Latino population in 2017. The corresponding rate for Iowa is 10.7 percent.

$46,376 is the median income of Latino households in 2017. The median household income for the state was $58,570.

$17,456 is the per capita income of Latinos in 2017. The per capita income for the state was $30,865.

13.9% is the percent of Iowa Latino population with no health insurance coverage in 2017. The corresponding rate for all Iowa is 4.7 percent.

13,511 is the number of Iowa Latinos in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations in 2017.

24.5% is the percent of Iowa Latinos in 2017 employed in the Manufacturing industry.

15.4% is the percent of Hispanic or Latinos in 2017 who work in the educational services, and health care and social assistance industry.

4,695 is the number of Hispanic-owned firms in Iowa in 2012.

A 446.6% increase in Hispanic-owned firms between 1992 and 2012.

74.1% of Iowa Latinos, age 16 and over, are in the labor force as of 2017.

The percent of all Iowans age 16 and over in the labor force was 67.3%. 5.7%

The unemployment rate of Iowa Latinos in 2017.

In comparison the state of Iowa’s unemployment rate was 3.6%. Earnings $27,031 The 2017 median earnings for Hispanics in Iowa. The median earnings for the state of Iowa was $33,349. $36,969 is the median earnings for Latino males in 2017 who worked fulltime, year round.

Latino women in Iowa had median earnings of $32,582. In comparison the median earning for men and women in the state of Iowa were $50,295 and $39,658 respectively.

Percent of Iowa Latinos in the following industries: 11.9 percent in construction; 9.4 percent in retail trade; and 6.7 percent work in professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services; 27.0% of Iowa Latinos work in the production, transportation, and material moving occupations. 22.9% The percentage of Iowa Latinos in service occupations in 2017.

10,550 Iowa Latinos are working in food preparation and serving related occupations.

14,834 Iowa Latinos are in management, business, science and arts occupations.

https://www.iowadatacenter.org/Publications/latinos2018.pdf

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